Earthquake Monitor

Recent Earthquakes Significant Historical Events
June 16 2024

Recent Earthquakes Epicenter Magnitude
2024-06-15 M 5.6 - 177 km NNW of Tobelo, Indonesia 5.6
2024-06-14 M 5.9 - southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge 5.9
2024-06-14 M 5.4 - southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge 5.4
2024-06-14 M 5.3 - southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge 5.3
2024-06-14 M 5.9 - southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge 5.9
2024-06-13 M 5.0 - 51 km ESE of Uchiza, Peru 5
2024-06-13 M 5.1 - 230 km SW of Houma, Tonga 5.1
2024-06-13 M 5.1 - 86 km SSW of Merizo Village, Guam 5.1
2024-06-13 M 5.0 - 136 km ESE of Neiafu, Tonga 5
2024-06-13 M 5.0 - 73 km WNW of Karluk, Alaska 5
2024-06-12 M 5.8 - 160 km SE of Sarangani, Philippines 5.8
2024-06-12 M 5.7 - northern East Pacific Rise 5.7
2024-06-11 M 5.2 - 129 km E of Neiafu, Tonga 5.2
2024-06-11 M 5.2 - 127 km ENE of Kimbe, Papua New Guinea 5.2
2024-06-11 M 5.1 - 119 km ENE of Kimbe, Papua New Guinea 5.1
2024-06-11 M 5.4 - 98 km SSE of Caramay, Philippines 5.4
2024-06-11 M 5.2 - 110 km SW of Isangel, Vanuatu 5.2
2024-06-11 M 5.2 - 90 km SW of Isangel, Vanuatu 5.2
2024-06-10 M 5.1 - central East Pacific Rise 5.1
2024-06-10 M 5.0 - 91 km S of Yonakuni, Japan 5
2024-06-10 M 5.0 - 208 km ENE of Port Mathurin, Mauritius 5
2024-06-10 M 5.3 - 155 km NW of Sola, Vanuatu 5.3
2024-06-09 M 5.7 - 181 km WNW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea 5.7
2024-06-09 M 5.0 - Pacific-Antarctic Ridge 5
2024-06-09 M 5.0 - Pacific-Antarctic Ridge 5
2024-06-09 M 5.1 - Pacific-Antarctic Ridge 5.1
2024-06-09 M 6.2 - Pacific-Antarctic Ridge 6.2
2024-06-09 M 5.3 - Pacific-Antarctic Ridge 5.3
2024-06-07 M 5.1 - 142 km NW of Neiafu, Tonga 5.1
2024-06-07 M 5.4 - southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge 5.4
2024-06-07 M 5.3 - southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge 5.3
2024-06-07 M 5.6 - 160 km WSW of Abepura, Indonesia 5.6
2024-06-07 M 5.0 - South Sandwich Islands region 5
2024-06-06 M 5.5 - South Sandwich Islands region 5.5
2024-06-06 M 5.3 - South Sandwich Islands region 5.3
2024-06-06 M 5.0 - 33 km S of Taliwang, Indonesia 5
2024-06-06 M 5.9 - Sea of Okhotsk 5.9
2024-06-05 M 5.4 - 86 km ESE of Teluk Dalam, Indonesia 5.4
2024-06-05 M 5.5 - South Sandwich Islands region 5.5
2024-06-05 M 5.1 - 89 km W of Caconda, Angola 5.1
2024-06-05 M 5.0 - 174 km W of Bengkulu, Indonesia 5
2024-06-05 M 5.6 - 175 km W of Bengkulu, Indonesia 5.6
2024-06-05 M 5.3 - 27 km ENE of Ambunti, Papua New Guinea 5.3
2024-06-04 M 5.5 - West Chile Rise 5.5
2024-06-04 M 5.4 - Easter Island region 5.4
2024-06-04 M 5.6 - 236 km E of Levuka, Fiji 5.6
2024-06-03 M 5.0 - 117 km ENE of Neiafu, Tonga 5
2024-06-03 M 5.0 - Kermadec Islands, New Zealand 5
2024-06-03 M 5.1 - southeast of the Loyalty Islands 5.1
2024-06-03 M 5.9 - northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge 5.9
2024-06-02 M 5.8 - 38 km NE of Anamizu, Japan 5.8
2024-06-02 M 5.2 - 139 km SSW of Gizo, Solomon Islands 5.2
2024-06-02 M 5.0 - 41 km NNW of Tobelo, Indonesia 5
2024-06-02 M 5.2 - Kermadec Islands region 5.2
2024-06-02 M 5.0 - 28 km SSE of Hualien City, Taiwan 5
2024-06-01 M 5.1 - 38 km ESE of Ransiki, Indonesia 5.1
2024-06-01 M 5.1 - 42 km WSW of Ollagüe, Chile 5.1
2024-06-01 M 5.2 - 151 km ENE of Tatsugō, Japan 5.2
2024-06-01 M 5.6 - western Xizang 5.6
2024-05-31 M 5.2 - Kermadec Islands, New Zealand 5.2
2024-05-31 M 5.1 - Kermadec Islands region 5.1
2024-05-31 M 5.2 - 11 km NNW of Hualien City, Taiwan 5.2
2024-05-31 M 6.2 - Kermadec Islands region 6.2
2024-05-31 M 5.0 - southeast of the Loyalty Islands 5
2024-05-31 M 6.2 - Prince Edward Islands region 6.2
2024-05-31 M 5.0 - 63 km SE of Panguna, Papua New Guinea 5
2024-05-31 M 5.6 - South Sandwich Islands region 5.6
2024-05-30 M 5.0 - 150 km NNW of Kendari, Indonesia 5
2024-05-29 M 5.2 - 123 km WNW of Sola, Vanuatu 5.2
2024-05-29 M 5.4 - 216 km SE of Kushimoto, Japan 5.4
2024-05-29 M 5.4 - 31 km ESE of Mawlaik, Myanmar 5.4
2024-05-28 M 5.0 - 103 km N of Hihifo, Tonga 5
2024-05-28 M 5.0 - south of the Fiji Islands 5
2024-05-28 M 5.9 - 94 km WNW of Sinabang, Indonesia 5.9
2024-05-28 M 5.0 - south of the Fiji Islands 5
2024-05-27 M 5.0 - 241 km SSW of Boyolangu, Indonesia 5
2024-05-27 M 5.1 - 40 km N of Yongning, China 5.1
2024-05-27 M 5.2 - 78 km S of Panguna, Papua New Guinea 5.2
2024-05-27 M 5.2 - 86 km SSW of Paratunka, Russia 5.2
2024-05-26 M 5.0 - 119 km ENE of ‘Ohonua, Tonga 5
2024-05-26 M 6.6 - 70 km NW of Fangale’ounga, Tonga 6.6
2024-05-26 M 5.2 - 122 km ESE of Antofagasta, Chile 5.2
2024-05-26 M 5.1 - Pacific-Antarctic Ridge 5.1
2024-05-25 M 6.3 - 83 km NNW of Port-Vila, Vanuatu 6.3
2024-05-25 M 5.0 - 77 km E of Ust’-Kamchatsk Staryy, Russia 5
2024-05-25 M 5.0 - 117 km WNW of Ternate, Indonesia 5
2024-05-25 M 5.0 - northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge 5
2024-05-24 M 5.1 - 150 km NE of Kavieng, Papua New Guinea 5.1
2024-05-24 M 5.0 - 65 km WSW of Novaya Chara, Russia 5
2024-05-24 M 5.1 - 197 km S of Burica, Panama 5.1
2024-05-23 M 5.0 - 68 km SW of Gerāsh, Iran 5
2024-05-23 M 5.6 - Southwest Indian Ridge 5.6
2024-05-23 M 5.5 - Carlsberg Ridge 5.5
2024-05-23 M 5.3 - 39 km NNW of Finschhafen, Papua New Guinea 5.3
2024-05-22 M 5.0 - 244 km ESE of Hihifo, Tonga 5
2024-05-22 M 5.1 - 27 km SE of Hualien City, Taiwan 5.1
2024-05-22 M 5.4 - 80 km ESE of Gorontalo, Indonesia 5.4
2024-05-22 M 5.2 - 64 km W of Mosquera, Colombia 5.2
2024-05-21 M 5.3 - Pacific-Antarctic Ridge 5.3
2024-05-21 M 5.3 - 201 km N of Sola, Vanuatu 5.3
2024-05-21 M 5.4 - 260 km ESE of Biak, Indonesia 5.4
2024-05-21 M 5.2 - 73 km NE of Calama, Chile 5.2
2024-05-21 M 5.7 - 58 km NE of Lae, Papua New Guinea 5.7
2024-05-21 M 5.2 - 2 km W of Zaruma, Ecuador 5.2
2024-05-21 M 5.4 - Bonin Islands, Japan region 5.4
2024-05-20 M 5.1 - 10 km SW of Azángaro, Peru 5.1
2024-05-20 M 5.2 - 82 km S of Dampit, Indonesia 5.2
2024-05-20 M 5.1 - 114 km NE of Kashgar, China 5.1
2024-05-19 M 5.0 - South Sandwich Islands region 5
2024-05-19 M 5.3 - 58 km NE of Lae, Papua New Guinea 5.3
2024-05-19 M 5.0 - northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge 5
2024-05-19 M 5.0 - 160 km WSW of Nikolski, Alaska 5
2024-05-19 M 5.2 - 145 km SW of La Placita de Morelos, Mexico 5.2
2024-05-19 M 6.0 - 161 km WSW of Nikolski, Alaska 6
2024-05-19 M 5.4 - north of Svalbard 5.4
2024-05-18 M 5.3 - southern East Pacific Rise 5.3
2024-05-18 M 5.7 - 39 km N of Rabaul, Papua New Guinea 5.7
2024-05-18 M 5.5 - 266 km SSE of Tabiauan, Philippines 5.5
2024-05-18 M 5.1 - South Indian Ocean 5.1
2024-05-18 M 5.0 - South Sandwich Islands region 5

Earthquakes result from the movements of tectonic plates along fault lines, releasing energy and causing ground-shaking seismic waves. Fault lines are fractures or zones of weakness in the Earth's crust where tectonic plates interact. These plates are large pieces of the Earth's lithosphere that float on the semi-fluid asthenosphere beneath them. The movement of these tectonic plates is not smooth and continuous but rather occurs in jerks due to the buildup of stress along the fault lines.

When the accumulated stress exceeds the strength of the rocks holding the plates together, they suddenly slip past each other along the fault line. This rapid movement releases a tremendous amount of energy in the form of seismic waves, causing the ground to shake, resulting in an earthquake.

While not directly caused by climate change, some studies suggest potential links. Melting glaciers and groundwater extraction can redistribute weight on the Earth's crust, influencing tectonic plate adjustments and seismic activity in certain regions. However, the exact relationship remains a subject of ongoing research and debate. Regardless of causation, earthquake preparedness and resilience are essential to mitigate their impact on vulnerable areas worldwide.


Global Earthquake Frequency


Most Devastating Earthquakes
1906 San Francisco Earthquake

One of the most notorious earthquakes in modern history, the 1906 San Francisco earthquake struck California's bustling city with devastating force. With a magnitude of 7.8, it remains one of the most destructive earthquakes in the United States. The resulting fires consumed much of San Francisco, leaving thousands dead and hundreds of thousands homeless.


1960 Great Chilean Earthquake

Known as the "Valdivia Earthquake," the 1960 Chilean earthquake holds the record as the most potent earthquake ever recorded. With a staggering magnitude of 9.5, it unleashed a massive tsunami that traveled across the Pacific, causing destruction and fatalities as far away as Hawaii, Japan, and the Philippines.


2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami

This undersea megathrust earthquake off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, on December 26, 2004, had a magnitude of 9.1-9.3. It triggered a colossal tsunami that engulfed coastal regions in more than a dozen countries, claiming an estimated 230,000 lives, making it one of the deadliest natural disasters in history.


2010 Haiti Earthquake

Haiti experienced a catastrophic earthquake on January 12, 2010, with a magnitude of 7.0. The shallow depth of the quake and the country's lack of preparedness amplified the devastation, resulting in over 200,000 deaths and widespread destruction of infrastructure.


2011 Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami

Striking off the east coast of Japan, this massive undersea earthquake had a magnitude of 9.1. It triggered a colossal tsunami that inundated Japan's coastline, causing immense destruction and leading to the Fukushima nuclear disaster.


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