Climate Recreation Community Catastrophe

Eden Index

Climate 9.1 Recreation 4.3 Community 0.8 Safeguard


Tubac, Arizona is a small town located in Santa Cruz County, about 45 miles south of Tucson. It enjoys a mild desert climate with hot summers and mild winters. Summers in Tubac are typically hot and dry, with temperatures often reaching over 100°F. Winters are mild and pleasant, with temperatures averaging in the low 60s°F.

Hydrologically, Tubac is situated in the Santa Cruz River basin. The river flows through the town, providing a vital water source for both wildlife and agriculture. However, due to heavy irrigation practices, the river often runs dry in certain sections.

Tubac offers a variety of outdoor recreation opportunities. The town is surrounded by beautiful natural landscapes, including the nearby Santa Rita Mountains and Coronado National Forest. Hiking enthusiasts can explore numerous trails in the area, offering breathtaking views and opportunities to spot local wildlife. Tubac is also known for its excellent birdwatching, as it lies along a major migratory path. Additionally, the nearby Tumacácori National Historical Park offers visitors a chance to explore the region's rich history and cultural heritage.

What is the Eden Index?

The Snoflo Eden Index serves as a comprehensive rating system for regions, evaluating their desirability through a holistic assessment of climate health, outdoor recreation opportunities, and natural disaster risk, acknowledging the profound impact of these factors on livability and well-being.

Climate Health Indicator (CHI): 9.1

Tubac receives approximately 403mm of rain per year, with humidity levels near 47% and air temperatures averaging around 18°C. Tubac has a plant hardyness factor of 8, meaning plants and agriculture in this region tend to thrive here all year round. By considering the ideal temperature range, reliable water supplies, clean air, and stable seasonal rain or snowpacks, the Climate Health Indicator (CHI) underscores the significance of a healthy climate as the foundation for quality living.

A healthy climate is paramount for ensuring a high quality of life and livability in a region, fostering both physical well-being and environmental harmony. This can be characterized by ideal temperatures, reliable access to water supplies, clean air, and consistent seasonal rain or snowpacks.

Weather Forecast

Streamflow Conditions

Santa Cruz

Area Rivers

Santa Cruz

Snowpack Depths

Santa Cruz

Reservoir Storage Capacity

Santa Cruz

Groundwater Levels

Recreational Opportunity Index (ROI): 4.3

The Recreational Opportunity Index (ROI) recognizes the value of outdoor recreational options, such as parks, hiking trails, camping sites, and fishing spots, while acknowledging that climate plays a pivotal role in ensuring the comfort and consistency of these experiences. Access to outdoor recreational opportunities, encompassing activities such as parks, hiking, camping, and fishing, is crucial for overall well-being, and the climate plays a pivotal role in enabling and enhancing these experiences, ensuring that individuals can engage in nature-based activities comfortably and consistently.

Catastrophe Safeguard Index (CSI):

The Catastrophe Safeguard Index (CSI) recognizes that natural disaster risk, encompassing floods, fires, hurricanes, and tornadoes, can drastically affect safety and the overall appeal of an area. The level of natural disaster risk in a region significantly affects safety and the overall livability, with climate change amplifying these risks by potentially increasing the frequency and intensity of events like floods, fires, hurricanes, and tornadoes, thereby posing substantial challenges to community resilience and well-being.

Community Resilience Indicator (CRI): 0.8

The Community Resilience Indicator (CRI) recognizes that education, healthcare, and socioeconomics are crucial to the well-being of a region. The CRI acknowledges the profound impact of these elements on residents' overall quality of life. By evaluating educational resources, healthcare accessibility, and economic inclusivity, the index captures the essential aspects that contribute to a thriving community, fostering resident satisfaction, equity, and social cohesion.

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